FEATURES AND BENEFITS OF CONSTRUCTION FROM CONCRETE
Concrete construction is usually large scale. The peak of the popularity of the construction of houses from this material, we remember the times of the USSR. Its unique qualities, which provide buildings with special resistance to wind loads, have returned it to its former demand, because the stabilizing properties became the basis for its mass use in high-rise construction. Another interesting and useful feature is the ability to create any architectural form.As for technological advantages, the main thing is the absence of the need to use additional finishing along the front part. The development of technologies in the field of application of concrete in the near future can bring it to the number of the most advanced building materials.
Features of the construction of houses made of concrete
Concrete is applicable in all areas of construction. From it successfully created – the foundations, staircases, columns, slabs, floors, beams, and so on. Walls can be erected in three ways: by pouring with formwork, by creating a structure from standard blocks, by assembling a frame from panels.
The process of pouring concrete Concrete building blocks
For each type, special technologies and types of concrete are used:
Bearing walls inside and outside are erected from heavy concrete solutions with additional reinforcement with steel reinforcement.
Interior partitions are made of ultralight types of material, due to the absence of their load.
Curtain walls are made of lightweight concrete for the same reason.
The advantages of concrete walls
The long term of operation, not susceptibility to rotting and influence of wreckers.
Reliability. Its level is especially high in the construction of monolithic structures characterized by the absence of seams.
Resistance to formation of a mold, rotting, corrosion, oxidation.
No need to use a large number of special equipment.
Ecological safety, decent level of heat and sound insulation.
Fire resistance, the ability to withstand high temperatures, temperature changes.
Seismic stability, increase in strength characteristics over time.
The ability to create a variety of architectural forms.
Profitability of construction and minimum construction time.
Another important advantage is the possibility of attaching heavy objects to the walls of this type; it is enough just to pick up a reliable fixing material.
Concrete Building Concrete Building
How to avoid mistakes when working with concrete?
Constructing a wall of concrete implies several required steps. First, the formwork is done around the perimeter. Secondly, it is better to fill in layers of 300-500 mm. Thirdly, the homogeneity of the mixture structure should be achieved through vibrating technology. Fourth, it is not recommended to fill walls with a thickness of less than 100 mm.
The term strength of concrete is 28 days. If we are talking about monolithic construction, then at this time only the erected structures should be left under polyethylene, so that moisture does not erode from them, and watering is done every day. This will prevent cracking and premature drying. After that you can start the finishing work.