WOODEN WALLS IN THE HOUSE
Today, the demand for wooden houses is constantly increasing, and this is not surprising. Natural wood is an environmentally friendly natural material that maintains the desired microclimate in the room,…

Continue reading →

When is the best time to start repairs: in winter or in summer?
Before you begin repairs in the apartment, many people doubt what time of year is best - summer or winter. Here you need to understand that each season has its…

Continue reading →

The screen on the battery - not just an additional element of interior decor
Screen on the batteryPermanent exposure to high temperatures contributes to the fact that the batteries in the room lose their aesthetic appearance. In addition, it does not give beauty to…

Continue reading →

BRICK TYPES AND BENEFITS OF ITS APPLICATION IN CONSTRUCTION

In the construction and reconstruction of walls – bearing and interior, solid and hollow – we often use brick. For each type of work, a separate variety is taken – silicate, ceramic, clinker, chamotte, hyperpressed. The main material for its creation, in most cases – clay. It is kneaded to the desired consistency with the addition of additives, additives, water. Next is the process of molding, drying at a temperature of 200 ° and final firing. However, some types of bricks are not made of clay. Before the start of construction work using this material, the expected mechanical load, structural features of the building, climatic conditions of operation must be taken into account.

Types of bricks for construction
Facing
It is moisture resistant, frost and wear resistant. This makes it ideal for fulfilling its main purpose – facing the external surfaces of a building. It can be applied at construction of the bases, walls, in restoration works. The shape is distinguished by smooth edges and smoothness. Color resistant to fading. The hue of a brick depends on the time and temperature of firing, or is formed by the addition of a dye. Treats the most expensive types.

Building
Traditional red ceramic brick. It can be of various sizes, as well as full-bodied or slit. Better adhesion when laying provides its rough surface.

A wall of brick inside the room A wall of brick in the interior
Silicate
It is made from quartz sand with a small addition of lime. It is one of the cheapest types of material, since there is no calcination in the process. The setting is ensured by a chemical lime slaking reaction. It has a fairly high strength, frost resistance. Divided into normal and facial. For cladding used rustirovanny brick with a rough surface. Without dyes, it is white, but with the addition of a coloring agent, it may acquire any shade.

Hyper pressed
There is no clay in it. In essence, such a brick is a concrete stone block, in which there is limestone, cement and dye. This material with a high level of strength, low moisture absorption. Great for cladding, facades, basements, various types of decoration, including fireplaces. Looks very presentable. But it is not cheap.

Clinker
For its manufacture, a special type of clay is used – refractory. Firing is carried out at a very high temperature – above 1100 ° C. This allows you to rid the structure of all the cracks and voids. It is used for laying fireplaces, stoves, chimneys, as well as street sidewalks. Perhaps this type of brick can be called the most expensive.

Interior brick claddingConstruction of brick fireplace
The main advantages of construction
Optimum strength indicators – from M75 to M400.
Long service life – at least 100 years.
Good frost resistance – from F35 to F50.
Environmental friendliness (the main components are sand, clay, water).
The ability to “breathe” and regulate the level of humidity.
Fire safety (withstand high temperatures).
Brick wall features
The thickness varies from 120 to 640 mm (the classic version of the outer wall is 380 mm, that is, a brickwork of 1.5 bricks).
Thermal insulation is possible using external, internal and internal methods (the first two cases are universal, the last is carried out only at the construction stage).
The thickness of the seam between the bricks should vary within the following limits: minimum – 8 mm, maximum – 15 mm.
Masonry mortar is prepared from cement and sand in a ratio of 1 to 4, and to strengthen the fortress, special construction glue is added (kneaded either manually or using a concrete mixer).

STONE WALLS
The materials used for the construction of stone walls are bricks, blocks of cellular or autoclaved concrete or ceramic stones. They are stacked in horizontal rows on a lime or…

...

ELECTROTECHNICAL REPAIR WORKS - TECHNOLOGY AND MAIN FEATURES
The electrician in the apartment needs to be changed during a major overhaul, when the old system can no longer withstand the load. In modern new buildings, replacement of wiring,…

...

CAUSES OF POPULAR STRETCH CEILINGS
This kind of suspension systems, like suspended ceilings, quickly gained popularity among buyers. And all because they are fast installation, low price, wide range of colors, and at the same…

...

HOW TO CHOOSE PARKET DESK
Parquet is one of the most common materials used for laying the floor. It is made of natural wood and consists of several layers with different uses. For increase in…

...